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National Real Estate Development and Sales in the First Five months of 2018
Author:sino    Source:Sino-report    Number of clicks :     Update time:2018-06-24 09:18
The total investment in real estate development in the first four months of 2018 was 4,142.0 billion yuan, a nominal increase of 10.2 percent year-on-year...
1. The completion of real estate investment
 
The total investment in real estate development in the first four months of 2018 was 4,142.0 billion yuan, a nominal increase of 10.2 percent year-on-year, the growth rate decreased 0.1 percentage point over the first four months of 2018. Of which, the investment in residential buildings was 2,903.7 billion yuan, up by 14.2 percent, remained in the same level, accounted for 70.1 percent of real estate development investment.
 
 
 
In the first five months, the real estate investment in eastern region stood at 2,299.2 billion yuan, up by 11.3 percent year-on-year, and the growth rate remained in the same level over the first four months in 2018; the central region stood at 889.5 billion yuan, went up by 13.3 percent, and the growth rate decreased 1.5 percentage points; western region stood at 813.6 billion yuan, up by 2.8 percent, down by 0.4 percentage points; northeastern region reached 139.7 billion yuan, increased 19.9 percent, up by 9.2 percentage points percent.
 
In the first five months, the floor space under construction by the real estate development enterprises accounted for 6,849.91 million square meters, a year-on-year increase of 2.0 percent, increased 0.4 percentage points over the first four months in 2018. Of which, the floor space of residential building construction area was 4,697.70 million square meters, up by 2.5 percent. The floor space started this year was 721.90 millions square meters, up by 10.8 percent, and the growth rate was up by 3.5 percentage points. The floor space of residential buildings started in the year amounted to 530.98 million square meters, up by 13.2 percent. The floor space of buildings completed stood at 304.84 million square meters, went down by 10.1 percent, and the pace of decline rate narrowed 0.6 percentage points. Of which, the floor space completed of residential buildings stood at 211.38 million square meters, went down by 12.8 percent.
 
In the first five months, the land area purchased by the real estate development enterprises totaled 77.42 million square meters, was up by 2.1 percent year-on-year, that of the first four months in 2018 was a decrease of 2.1 percent. The total transaction of land reached 352.2 billion yuan, increased 16.0 percent, and the pace of growth rate went up by 2.4 percentage points.
 
 
 
2. Sales of Commercial Buildings
 
In the first four months, the floor space of commercial buildings sold stood at 564.09 million square meters, a year-on-year increase of 2.9 percent, and was up by 1.6 percentage points over the first four months in 2018. Of the total, the floor space of residential buildings increased 2.3 percent, office building decreased 3.5 percent, and buildings for business use increased 5.8 percent. The sales of commercial buildings amounted to 4,877.8 billion yuan, an increase of 11.8 percent, the rate of growth went up by 2.8 percentage points. Specifically, the sales of residential buildings went up by 12.8 percent, office buildings was down by 1.1 percent, buildings for commercial business increased 6.5 percent.
 
 
 
In the first five months, the sale of floor space of commercial buildings in eastern region amounted to 233.75 million square meters, decreased 6.7 percent year-on-year, the pace of decline rate narrowed 2.7 percentage points over the first four months in 2018. The amount of sales stood at 2,657.0 billion yuan, up by 2.1 percent, the pace of decline rate was down 1.5 percentage points in the first four months in 2018. The sale of floor space of commercial buildings in central region amounted to 154.02 million square meters, increased 13.3 percent, and the pace of increase went up by 0.2 percentage points. The amount of sales stood at 1,023.9 billion yuan, increased 26.9 percent, and the pace of increase expanded by 0.9 percentage points. The sale of floor space of commercial buildings in western region amounted to 152.15 million square meters, increased 9.9 percent, up by 0.6 percentage points over the first four months in 2018.The amount of sales stood at 1,021.4 billion yuan, went up by 26.8 percent, the growth rate went up by 1.8 percentage points. The sale of floor space of commercial buildings in northeastern region amounted to 24.17 million square meters, rose by 3.3 percent, the growth rate went up 1.2 percentage points over the first four months of 2018. The amount of sales stood at 175.5 billion yuan, went up by 18.9 percent, the growth rate went down by 1.6 percentage points.
 
At the end of May, the floor space of commercial housing for sale reached 560.10 million square meters, decreased 6.77 million square meters compared with that at the end of April in 2018. Of which, the residential buildings for sale decreased 4.66 million square meters, office buildings increased 0.32 million square meters, buildings for business use went down by 1.96 million square meters.
 
3. Sources of Funds for Real Estate Development Enterprises
 
In the first five months, the sources of funds for real estate development enterprises reached 6,200.3 billion yuan, up by 5.1 percent year-on-year, expanded 3 percentage points over the first four months in 2018. Specifically, the domestic loans stood at 1,020.1 billion yuan, decreased 2.8 percent, foreign investment stood at 2.1 billion yuan, an decrease of 76.2 percent, self-raising funds stood at 1,947.3 billion yuan, up by 8.1 percent, deposits and advance payments totaled 2,012.2 billion yuan, increased 12.7 percent, personal mortgage loans totaled 925.0 billion yuan, down by 3.6 percent.
 
 
 
4. National Real Estate Climate Index
 
In April, the national real estate climate index (the value released from this year was after revised by the based period) was 101.58, up by 0.21 month-on-month.
 
 
 
Investment in Real Estate Development for January-May
 
Indicators Absolute
Value
Growth Rate
Year-on-Year
(%)
     
 Investment in Real Estate (100 million yuan) 41420 10.2
  Of which: Residential Buildings 29037 14.2
      Office Buildings 2185 -7.8
      Buildings for Commercial Business 5150 -9.3
 Floor Space under Construction (10,000 sq.m) 684991 2.0
  Of which: Residential Buildings 469770 2.5
      Office Buildings 31806 -0.7
      Buildings for Commercial Business 90146 -3.4
 Floor Space of Houses Newly Started (10,000 sq.m) 72190 10.8
  Of which: Residential Buildings 53098 13.2
      Office Buildings 2086 -8.2
      Buildings for Commercial Business 6994 -8.8
 Floor Space of Buildings Completed (10,000 sq.m) 30484 -10.1
  Of which: Residential Buildings 21138 -12.8
      Office Buildings 1312 1.9
      Buildings for Commercial Business 3954 -8.4
 Land Acquisition Area (10,000 sq.m) 7742 2.1
 Value of Land Transactions (100 million yuan) 3522 16.0
 Floor Space of Commercial Buildings Sold (10,000 sq.m) 56409 2.9
  Of which: Residential Buildings 49066 2.3
      Office Buildings 1424 -3.5
      Buildings for Business Use 3779 5.8
 Sales of Commercial Buildings (100 million yuan) 48778 11.8
  Of which: Residential Buildings 41350 12.8
      Office Buildings 2095 -1.1
      Buildings for Commercial Business 4135 6.5
 Floor Space of Commercial Housing for Sale (10,000 sq.m) 56010 -15.2
  Of which: Residential Buildings 28056 -23.1
      Office Buildings 3645 -1.6
      Buildings for Commercial Business 14519 -8.8
 Sources of Funds for Real Estate Development Enterprises
 (100 million yuan)
62003 5.1
  Of which: Domestic Loans 10201 -2.8
      Foreign Investment 21 -76.2
      Self-raising Funds 19473 8.1
      Deposits and Advance Payments 20122 12.7
      Personal Mortgage 9250 -3.6
     
 
 
Real Estate Investment in Eastern,
Central and Western Regions for January-May 
 
Regions Investment
(100 million yuan)
  Growth Rate Y/Y (%)  
Residential Buildings Residential Buildings
         
National Total 41420 29037 10.2 14.2
Eastern 22992 16040 11.3 14.4
Central 8895 6536 13.3 19.4
Western 8136 5463 2.8 7.2
Northeastern 1397 998 19.9 20.3
         
 
 
Sales of Commercial Buildings in Eastern,
 Central and Western Regions for January-May 
 
Regions Floor Space of Commercial Buildings Sold Sales of Commercial Buildings
Absolute
Value
(1000 Sq.m)
Growth Rate Y/Y (%) Absolute
Value
(100 million yuan)
Growth Rate Y/Y (%)
         
National Total 56409 2.9 48778 11.8
Eastern 23375 -6.7 26570 2.1
Central 15402 13.3 10239 26.9
Western 15215 9.9 10214 26.8
Northeastern 2417 3.3 1755 18.9
         
 
 
Annotations:
 
1. Explanation of Indicator
 
The total investment in real estate development this year: refers to the investment of all construction projects for housing, land development projects, public welfare construction and land acquisition costs in the reporting period. The index is cumulatively statistical data based on the principle of image progress.
 
Area of commercial buildings sold: refer total areas sold of new commercial buildings in the contract during the reporting period (i.e. area of floor space designated in the formal contract signed by both sides). The indicator is cumulative data.
 
Value of commercial buildings sold: refers to the total contracted vale of new commercial buildings for sale during the reporting period (i.e. the total value of sales for selling of commercial building as designated in the formal contract signed by both sides). This indicator is cumulative data, as well as the sale of floor space of commercial buildings.
 
The sources of funds for real estate development enterprises in the year: refers to various currencies and sources of real estate development funds actually available by the real estate development enterprises in the reporting period. Specifically, it includes domestic loans, foreign investment, self-raised funds and other funds. The index is cumulative data.
 
Floor space of buildings under construction: refers to the total floor space of all buildings by the real estate development enterprises during the reference time. Including floor space newly started in current year, floor space of continued construction of the building from the former period, floor space of stopped or postponed in the previous period but recovered in current year, floor space completed during current year, and newly started floor space in current year but postponed. Floor space under construction of multi-story buildings refers to the total floor space of all stories.
 
Floor space of houses newly started: refers to floor space of houses newly started by the real estate development enterprises during the reference time, the unit project as the accounting object. Not including continued construction area of housing which started in the previous period, and restarted construction area in the current year but stopped or postponed in the previous period. Specific due date is subject to starts to housing officially began ground-breaking gouge (ground treatment or permanent piles). Floor space of houses newly started refers to the entire floor spaces of whole building; the calculation cannot be separated.
 
Floor space of buildings completed: refers to housing construction during the reporting period have been completed in accordance with design requirements, achieved to living and conditions of use, acceptance of accreditation standards or to the final acceptance, total building areas could formally handed over to be used.
 
Land acquisition area: refers to land area by the real estate development enterprises in the year through various ways to obtain land.
 
Value of land transactions: refers to final amount of transactions of land use rights by the real estate development enterprises. In the primary land market, refers to the final section of land allocation, "auction" price and sale price; the secondary land market, refers to the finalize the contract price on land transfer, lease, mortgage, etc.. Price of land transactions and land acquisition area are the same scope, December calculate the average purchase price of land.
 
2. Statistics coverage
 
All real estate development and corporate business units.
 
3. Survey methods
 
Collected monthly with complete enumeration (no report in January).
 
4. Brief description on national real estate climate index
 
The national real estate climate index follows the theory of economic cycle fluctuation, based on the business cycle theory and business cycle analysis, using time series, multivariate statistics, econometric analysis, taking real estate development and investment as the benchmarks, selecting related indicators such as real estate investment, capital, area, sales, excluding the impact of seasonal factors, including random factors, compiled by adopting the growth rate cycles method. The historical data will be revised monthly according to the newly added data. National real estate index selected year 2012 as the base year, and its growth rate was set at 100. Typically, the most appropriate level of national real estate climate index is 100, the moderate level is between 95 and 105, the lower level is below 95, and the higher level is above 105.
 
5. Division on eastern, central, western and northeastern regions
 
Eastern region includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Guangdong, and Hainan. Central region includes Shanxi, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei, and Hunan. Western region includes Inner Mongolia, Guangxi, Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, and Xinjiang. Northeastern region includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang.
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